It feedback summarizes search with the conditions from address creation in Off problem (DS) towards purposes of informing scientific characteristics and you can at the rear of coming research.
Post on the brand new literary works try predicated on queries using MEDLINE, Yahoo Pupil, PsycINFO, and you can HighWire Press, and believe off site lists when you look at the recovered data files (along with on the internet offer). Key terms highlighted attributes linked to sound, articulation, phonology, prosody, fluency, and you may intelligibility.
The following results pertain to four major aspects of feedback: voice, speech audio, fluency and you may prosody, and you may intelligibility. The initial big town was voice. Even if a number of research has reported for the singing abnormalities during the DS, significant questions will always be towards characteristics and you will volume of your phonatory infection. Outcome of perceptual and you may acoustic studies have become combined, it is therefore tough to mark enterprise conclusions or perhaps to pick sensitive steps getting upcoming investigation. Another significant city try speech audio. Articulatory and you may phonological research has shown one to address activities inside the DS try a mix of postponed development and you can mistakes perhaps not seen in typical innovation. Put-off (we.elizabeth., developmental) and you will disordered (we.e., nondevelopmental) habits is actually obvious by the ages of regarding the three years, even though DS-relevant problems perhaps are available before, inside child babbling. The 3rd biggest town is actually fluency and you will prosody. Stuttering and you will/or cluttering take place in DS at prices out-of ten%–45%, in contrast to on step one% about standard inhabitants. Look along with things to significant disturbances inside prosody. The new fourth big town is actually intelligibility. Knowledge consistently reveal designated constraints in this field, but just has just contains the browse moved beyond simple get scales.
(2011). A review of look into the message intelligibility and you can correlations that have acoustic has actually [Tech Statement CSLU-11-002] (pp. 1–16). Portland, Or : Heart getting Verbal Language Facts, Institution of Biomedical Technologies, Oregon Wellness Science College .
(2009). Phonological precision and you can intelligibility when you look at the connected message from guys having sensitive X disorder otherwise Down syndrome. Diary out-of Speech, Vocabulary, and you will Reading Browse, 52, 1048–1061.
(2006). A comparison of oral framework and you will dental-motor mode in more youthful guys with sensitive X disorder and you can Off problem. Journal of Message, Vocabulary, and you will Reading Lookup, forty two, 903–917.
(1983). An excellent noninvasive acoustic approach using volume perturbations and computer-produced singing-system shapes. Journal regarding Speech and you will Reading Browse, 26, 304–314.
(1976). A diagnosis of your own anatomic differences in person trisomy predicated on dissections from 21- and you will 18-trisomes. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). School of Wisconsin-Madison
(1980). Anatomical study of your developmental ramifications of aneuploidy for the child: Brand new Off problem. Western Log regarding Scientific Family genes, 5, 399–420.
(2007). Metric data of tough palate in children that have Off problem: A comparative studies. Down Syndrome Browse and practice, twelve, 55–59.
(1988). The text event of children that have Down’s problem aged 12 in order to sixteen age. Guy Code Training and you may Cures, cuatro, 311–324.
(2009). On the dating between palate profile and articulatory conclusion. This new Diary of your Acoustical Community from The united states, 125, 3936–3949.
(2002). Message production problems into the people that have and you will instead Down problem after the spoken, composed, and you can pictorial signs. Developmental Neuropsychology, www.datingranking.net/fr/brancher 21, 157–172.
(2011). An assessment from articulatory working place city inside the vowel production of people which have Down disorder. Medical Linguistics Phonetics, twenty five, 321–334. doi:47
(2007). Phonetic intelligibility analysis when you look at the adults having Down disorder. Off Syndrome Browse Habit: The Journal of the Sarah Duffen Hub/School regarding Portsmouth, 12, 230–239.
(1999). Phonological feeling experiences inside four-year-old British youngsters: A review and you will normative research. Around the world Journal regarding Vocabulary and Communications Disorders, 34, 311–335.
(2003). A four-12 months longitudinal study of palatal plate treatment in kids that have Off syndrome: Effects into oral engine form, articulation and you may communications choice. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 61, 39–46.